talented individuals into elite positions. A (relatively) high degree of public engagement. . This allowed for minimal government and military intervention in such affairs. In addition, Mills argues that those in the higher circles think in stereotypes (about class, race, social issues, for example) too instead of common sense, but, in contrast to the individual in the mass, elites stereotyped common sense view of society works to their benefit. Talcott Parsons is, of course, widely acknowledged as the great systematic theorist of modern sociology. Finally, Mills addresses the matter of social theorys retreat from structural inquiry towards a preoccupation with the idea of a democratic society in balance as the prevailing view (Mills 1956:336). For example, how do global economic conditions and the imperative of business confidence constrain the decisions of political and economic elites? Mills argues for a type of social inquiry that strives to provide individuals with the tools necessary for this structural view of society. . Millss concept of the higher immorality emerges when individuals live in a condition that disallows political efficacy. . 269-296) and other conservative advocates of democratic elitism, the efficiency of modern representative governments depends on the people selecting their leaders and then leaving them alone. Instead, he has more to say about the middle and lower levels of society where a disorganized system of organized irresponsibility prevails (Mills 1956:361). . Who really holds power in the United States?
Wright Mills, in his book he was very critical of American democracy and he argued that in reality.
At the bottom you have masses of the people who compared to the power elite they are relatively powerless, unorganised, exploited and mostly.
Power elite refers to societal power under the control of a small number of actors or organizations sharing common interests.
While the notion of powerful elite interests does not seem as news breaking now as it did in the 1950s, criticisms of the power elite thesis have continued.
Millss mass society thesis illustrates how power in America effects individuals and the ways.
Furthermore, while decision making may be shared, those who exercise power are essay negative positive reinforcement largely in agreement on major issues. Pluralists argue that he exaggerated the unity of functional elites and neglected the influence of the electoral process and interest group competition. How does the distribution of elite positions in society reflect the particular social structures in which they exist? Does this societal elite exercise power responsibly in the interests of society as a whole, or do elites maximize their own interests against those of subordinate groups? Elites public engagement allows individuals to play a part in the outcome of decisions that affect their lives. . As stated earlier, liberal democratic theory posits that pluralism is active in America as a system wherein contending interests pressure and jockey for positioning through public debate. At one level, elites can be defined simply as persons who hold dominant positions in major institutions or are recognized leaders in art, education, business, and other fields of achievement.
These interpretations of Millss thesis remain simplistic and of little use to current scholarship by political and social scientists interested in Millss contribution to democratic theory. In commenting on the scandals that have rocked major corporations such as Enron and Arthur Andersen, observers have noted that members of the business elite are closely interrelated. 95) wonder if a person can live in a condition of complete and unalterable subordination for much of the time, and yet acquire the habits of responsible choice and self government which political democracy calls for. Therefore, any key decisions made by politicians inevitably reflected the interests of the dominant bourgeoisie.