or too quickly). Reviewed By: Coronary artery disease (also called coronary heart disease ) is the number-one killer of both men and women in the United States, and its the most common type of heart disease. Coronary Artery Disease research papers examine the most common form of heart disease in adults and the leading cause of heart attacks. Coronary artery disease develops slowly, usually over decades, so the good news is that we have a huge window of opportunity for prevention, through a good lifestyle and healthy habits, says. Diets high in fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of developing coronary artery disease. Family history also plays an important role in determining ones risk for coronary artery disease. Coronary artery disease is the major cause of mortality and morbidity in Malaysia and worldwide. Without enough blood, coronary artery disease can lead to angina (chest pain). 508 papers were identified of which 146 papers were selected and reviewed on the basis of their relevance. The central cause of the disease is a build-up of plaque along the inside walls of the bodys arteries, which ultimately reduces blood flow to the heart. There are well-known risk factors for developing coronary artery disease, the most common being a lack of exercise, smoking and obesity.
Treatment, depending upon severity, may include medication, angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass surgery. The epidemiology, etiology, risk factors, prevention, assessment, treatment, and outcomes of coronary artery disease in the country are reviewed and summarized. This paper reviews all research and publications on coronary artery disease in Malaysia published between. The clinical relevance of the studies done in the country are discussed along with recommendations for future research. This often preventable disease causes the dangerous thickening and narrowing of the coronary arteriesthe vessels that bring blood to the heartwhich disrupts the flow of oxygen and nutrients to the heart, causing serious problems. The damaged arteries may become completely blocked, or become prone to clotting, causing a heart attack.
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