being influenced by technology. As just indicated, one way we essay competition for 2009 do this is by weighing degrees of responsibility, both with regard to the sort of prospective responsibilities a person should bear and a persons liability to blame or penalties. Perceptions of Stakeholders and Planners The perceptions of stakeholders and planners is an important consideration in the development and implementation of any public participation program. Prospective Responsibility A different use of "responsibility" is as a synonym for "duty." When we ask about a persons responsibilities, we are concerned with what she ought to be doing or attending. For most people, the intuitive justification for the sort of desert involved in retrospective responsibility lies in individual choice or control. "Watching Out for the Children Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, German Legends (1816. This article considers mainly moral responsibility, and focuses largely upon individuals.
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This conflict is damaging to the planning process (as well as the agency's reputation and to the relationship between the participants and the planner. Further, the conflicts inherent in resource management decisions make an interactive approach to planning and decision-making an attractive alternative to the existing decision-making structure. Author Information Garrath Williams Email: Lancaster University United Kingdom. Even if we sometimes feel no inclination to take account of others, reason still tells us that we should, and can motivate us to. In the liberal state we can hope that there will be systematic convergence, inasmuch as the law will uphold important moral precepts, especially concerning the protection of rights. Techniques and methods applied by experts are most effective when considering technical decisions as opposed to value or mixed, decisions. The democratic ideology which underlies the North American political structure has as a principle tenet the right to participate in decision making. Public Involvement In Natural Resource Management Planning has always been used by the Forest Service as a means to guide the allocation complete parts of a thesis paper pdf and management of forest resources. For example, all jurisdictions have an age of criminal responsibility: a person under the age of, say, twelve cannot be punished for murder.
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